- M A R A P U
- Although Christianity has
in recent times spread considerably throughout the island, it
is still possible to see the remants of an ancient Indonesian
pagan culture. Well over half of the population adheres to the
animist Marapu religion -an central and land spirit worshiping.
More than 60% of the population of West Samba hold to their traditional
system of beliefs.
- This belief is considered
a religion since the system of worshiping the highest being is
quite formal and routine. They believe in temporary life in the
world and the eternal life in the Doomsday, in the world of spirits
in Marapu heaven - Prai Marapu The world Marapu means
firstly, the occupants of the eternal heaven, who lead a similar
existence to men. They live in couples and one of these couples
is the ancestor of the Sumbanese. Secondly, the spirits of Sumbanese
ancestors in Prai Marupu. Thirdly the spirits of their relatives,
and fourthly, all spirits dwelling the universe. Marapu has mysterious
and magical authority over human life.
- So, it has animistic, spiritual,
and dynamic elements. This is obviouslyseen in every festival
held in Sumbanese daily life that the festivals into magical
factor strongly influencing the belief by placing spirits role
as the main component.
- Any spirits, according to
Marapu beliefs, consist of two elements i.e. Ndewa and
Hamanangu. In short, the Marapu concepts are the teachings
about the balance of the universal life through which the happiness
can be gained. The balance is symbolized by the Great Mother
(ina Kalada) and the Great Father (Ama Kalada). who
live in the universe and take the forms of the moon and the sun.
In mythology, they are husband and wife who gave birth to the
ancestors of the Sumbanese.
- The honor Marapu, the Sumbanese
put effigies, called Marapu statues, on stone altars where they
lay their offerings in the forms of Sirih Pinang (a dish
containing betel leaves, nuts and lime) and sacrificial cattle.
The statues of Marapu are made of wood in the shape of human
faces. These images are usually placed in the yard of their houses
or inside the traditional houses.
Click here to see :
West Nusa Tenggara Map
East Nusa Tenggara Map
(There are 33 High Resolution Maps on here)
West Nusa Tenggara Tourism
East Nusa Tenggara Tourism
(There are complete info about 33 provincies : Object Tourisms, Hotels, Travel agents, etc)