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Bana Tribe Woman, Key Afer, Omo Valley, Ethiopia

Bana Tribe Woman, Key Afer, Omo Valley, Ethiopia
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The Hamar (or Hamer or Hammer) is a tribe with a total population of about over 35,000, which lives in Hamer Bena woreda, a fertile part of the Omo River valley, in the Debub Omo Zone of the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region (SNNPR). They are largely pastoralists, so their culture places a high value on cattle, the menaning of their life. There are at least 27 words for the subtle variations of colours and textures of a cattle! And each man has three names: a human, a goat and a cow name.
Honey collection is their major activity.They are as well semi nomadic and migrate every few months to find pastures for their goats and cattle. They have a special relationship with Bana-Bashada group than the others as they share a common language and culture.
Hamer society consists of a complex system of age groups. To pass from one age group to another involves complicated rituals. The bull-jumping is the most significant ceremony in the social life of the Hamer, the final test before passing into adulthood and in order to get married. The teen must jump naked over a number of bulls without falling. That is why we can mention it as cow jumping or bull leaping. If he is able to complete this task, he will become a man and be able to marry a woman.

The Hamar are very preoccupied with their beauty. They have at times spectacular haidresses.
Men use a wooden head rest which prevents the hair from touching the ground. It is used as head rest to protect the clay wig that some do on the top of the head, but it is also useful as a seat.
Women know many ways to do their hair. The most famous hair style is when their hair is in short tufts rolled in ochre and fat or in long twisted strands. These coppery coloured strands are called "goscha", it's a sign of health and welfare.

They also wear bead necklaces, iron bracelets around their arms, and decorate their breast with lots of cowry shells, like a natural bra.
Around married women's necks, you can see "esente": torques made of iron wrapped in leather. These are engagement presents; they are worn for life and indicate their husband's wealth. One of the necklaces catch more especially the attention: it is called the "bignere". It has a phallic-shape end. This jewelry can only be worn by a man's first wife.
Her statut is the higher one in Hamer society. The Hamar women who are not first wife have a really hard life and they are more slaves than wives...
The young unmarried girls, for their part, wear a kind of oval shape plate, in metal. It is used like a sunshield, but it tends to be rare in the tribe. Some of them have fund their future husband, but have to wait in their house until the so-called prentender can provide all the money for the ceremony: he has to pay for all the cows the bride-to-be's family asks for. These girls are called "Uta" and have to wait weeks, entirely covered with red clay... And no right to take baths or showers . They cannot go out of the house. Friends bring her food.
A cruel tradition still has currency for some Hamar: the babies who have the upper teeth first coming out, are abandonned in the bush. This tradition tends to disapear but NGO Omochild still save abandonned new borns in Jinka. Abandonments are all the more frequent than some Hamar believe that a child born out of formal marriages has "mingi", as to say something abnormal and unclean. For them, it is the expression of the devil, which may cause disasters such as epidemics or drought in the village. So, illegitimate children are abandoned. This kind of beliefs can also be observed in other Ethiopan tribes.
The weekly markets in Turmi and Dimeka are meeting points where tourist observation and photography can be satisfy against money.

© Eric Lafforgue
www.ericlafforgue.com
Date: 2013-07-29 23:48:31



Ethiopia Africa Omo valley Key Afer key afar Colour Image vertical ethiopian ethnicity african black skin Omo13 7794 Blue Tribal Outdoors Front view Window Day Bead 20-24 Years Horn of africa Bright colour 1People One person Full lenght Hamer Tribe Bana Looking at camera House Traditional clothing Only women Lifestyles Hamar Fashion Colorful Hair clip Bena Banna etiópia tribo Αιθιοπία эфиопия 埃塞俄比亚 埃塞俄比亞 이디오피아 エチオピア Äthiopien Etiopía 種族 Ethiopië Etiopia 에티오피아 Etiopien Etiopija Етиопија Etiyopya אתיופיה 衣索匹亚 衣索匹亞 ethiopie

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Comments

Espectacular imagen y colorido
EULALIA2010 2013-07-29 23:50:55
H. Eisenreich 2013-07-29 23:58:57
It's a beautiful and colorful shot!!!
Greetings from Mexico, Mr. Lafforgue!
Delia Hernández 2013-07-30 00:05:02
wonderful wear...I am wearing very dull clothing !!
bevcraigwhite 2013-07-30 00:09:57
Fabulous colour
Wilamoyo 2013-07-30 00:32:09
very nice
celestino2011 2013-07-30 00:39:01
PRIME PHOTO AWARD

Yes,
this is really a brilliant PRIME PHOTO!
Congratulations!!!
MANY THANKS for sharing your wonderful work with us!
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MarcoSartoriPhoto 2013-07-30 01:20:29
Siempre excelentes.
Coyolicatzin 2013-07-30 01:38:44
extra la compo j'adore les couleurs!!!!!
ichauvel 2013-07-30 02:01:46
Well done.
Jimmydflint 2013-07-30 02:39:07
beautiful
zet11 2013-07-30 02:42:59
outstanding image
Gerald Moncrief 2013-07-30 05:43:14
Amazing chromatic selection.


Admin Talk International
Seen in Admin Talk International .
LH2O_LA 2013-07-30 05:52:33
Another lovely vibrant shot. Great stuff!
gbs photos 2013-07-30 11:29:01
Rich striking colors !
N A Y E E M 2013-07-30 12:49:23
Fantastic composition. The colors are amazing. I love the contrast between the graffic designs of her clothes with the softness of the curtain with the hearts and flowers.
rt4babies 2013-07-30 18:31:18
Superbe!
VanDeevin 2013-07-30 22:14:27
magda indigo 2013-07-30 22:37:35
muy buena escena... Felicidades
Ploncito 2013-08-31 03:23:13

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