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Image from page 613 of "Smithsonian miscellaneous collections" (1862)

Image from page 613 of
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Identifier: smithsonianmisce821931sm
Title: Smithsonian miscellaneous collections
Year: 1862 (1860s)
Authors: Smithsonian Institution
Subjects: Science
Publisher: Washington : Smithsonian Institution
Contributing Library: Smithsonian Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Smithsonian Libraries

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Text Appearing Before Image:
ndians Moni-seep, whichsignifies, in their jargon, shallow-water. This is the Ford where theIndian traders used to cross with their horses, in their way to theCatawba nation. And on October 2 they crossed a large creek whichthe Indians called Massa-moni. signifying, in their language, Paint * BjTd, William, The VVestover manuscripts: containing the history of thedividing line Petersburg, 1841. l8 SMITHSONIAN MISCELLANEOUS COLLECTIONS VOL. 82 creek, because of the great quantity of red ochre found in its banks.Later on the same day they crossed another creek called ** in theSaponi language, Ohimpa-moni, signifying jumping creek, from thefrequent jumping of fish during the spring season. It would nowbe interesting to know if the name Jumping Branch, applied at thepresent time to a branch of Hardware River, in Albemarle County,perpetuates an ancient Siouan name. Mooney was of the belief that Monasukapanough was possibly the original of Saponi. There is little reason to doubt the correct-

Text Appearing After Image:
FiG. S.^A section of the Rivanna Valley, in Albemarle County, Virginia,showing the position of Monasukapanough and lesser sites. ness of this belief. Lederer stated that he arrived at Sapon, a villageof the Nahyssans. The latter, as previously shown, were the Mona-hassanugh whose name appears on the map of 1624. Therefore it isquite evident that at the time of the settlement of Jamestown, 1607,the site on the banks of the Rivanna was occupied by the Saponi,closely allied with the Monahassanugh or Tutelo, whose village stoodon the bank of the James some miles away in a southwesterly direction.Had it not been for the work and interest of Jefiferson, no accountof the great burial mound which once stood at the ancient village ofMonasukapanough would now be available. It would have disappeared NO, 12 MONACAN TOWNS IN VIRGINIA—BUSHNELL 19 as have the burial places once belonging to other villages of the Siouantribes and no reference to it would have been preserved. The site ofthe Indian t

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Date: 2014-07-30 08:55:17

bookid:smithsonianmisce821931sm bookyear:1862 bookdecade:1860 bookcentury:1800 bookauthor:Smithsonian_Institution booksubject:Science bookpublisher:Washington___Smithsonian_Institution bookcontributor:Smithsonian_Libraries booksponsor:Smithsonian_Libraries bookleafnumber:613 bookcollection:biodiversity bookcollection:americana BHL Collection BHL Consortium

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