AS TOP SECTOR PRIORITY
- District Ngada offers unirrigated
highland estates, which climate due the altitude of 900 to 1.200
above sea level combine with very fertile volcanic topsoil is
suitable for the farming of high value crops such as: mandarin,
orange, apple, lengkeng leychi, avocado, mangoes broccoli, strawberry
asparagus, paprica, zuchinni, lattus, etc.
- Approximately 1,000 ha land
in Bajawa, Mataloko and Mulakoli has been cultivated by small
holders. Due to the lack of marketing and transportation means,
the utilisation of the highland estates has never been optimized.
On this highland estates the farmer has produced yearly 200 ton
avocado, 150 ton mandarin, 100 ton fashion fruits and supplied
to the local market.
- The additional 2,000 ha highland
in Inegena and Maronggela has never been cultivated.
- Down the hill from the highland,
at the level of 500 to 900 meter above sea, there is plenty full
arable land ample to permit cultivation of a range of crops,
such as: coffee, cocoa, cashew nuts, vanilla, peanuts, soy beans,
candle nuts, coconuts, mangoes, rambutan, potatoes, tomatoes,
- Those hillside arable land
are spread in Malawawo 1000 ha, Kuruhoko 1000 ha, Keligejo 2000
ha, Nagerawe 2000 ha, Wangka 1000 ha, Ratedao 1000 ha and Lambo
- The Mbay lowland area at the
North coast of Ngada District is strategically situated within
the watershed of the Aesesa river, which covers a riverbed area
of 13,000 square kilometre, comprises of 90 brunches and has
a total length of 630 kilometer.
- The existing dam, only 13
kilometer away from the estuary, supplies 2,500 litre per second
mainly to irrigate 4,000 ha rice field.
- Currently the government attempt
to build a more adequate dam in Boarebhe - Aesesa further up
stream, with the plan storage capacity of 100 million cubic meter
water. This facility enable the extension of the rice field from
4,000 ha to 12,000 ha.
- Including with this plan,
the government also plan to build a dam more further up stream
in Kuruhoko, which is ample to extend another 1,000 ha of the
Soa rice field from the existing 1,200 ha.
to the study (1997), the main development opportunity of an Australian
Study Mbay IEDZ is cattle.
- The population of cattle in
Mbay IEDZ (1996) was 49,000. There were also 52,000 buffalo,
50,000 horse and 300,000 sheep/goat. This compare to 690,000
in West Timor, there is considerable potential to increase the
cattle population to 500,000 or more.
- However the most likely short-medium
term development will be in fattening imported cattle
for shipment to Surabaya and Jakarta
or for Slaughter in Mbay. But for the long term deal it will
be preverable to develop breeding centre in IEDZ, which can supply
not only the local demand but also to the feed lots in the rest
of Eastern Indonesia.
- To support the short term
development a serious corporation from Northern Territory will
accept the BOOT arrangement to built and operate a quarantine
facility at Marapokot.
- Ken Sawers (1997) recommended
strategy for large scale cattle production in Mbay IEDZ based
the nucleus estates smallholder (NES) programme applied successfully
elsewhere in Indonesia.
- He further recommended the
NT Government to set up a small scale silage production project
in the plasma areas.
- There is ample fodder for
livestock in the island's extensive grasslands, fields and scrub
forests. Particularly the District of Ngada the administration
provide approximately 20,000 ha of arable land suitable for development
of miniranches for up to 15,000 heads of cattle.
- To the cattle production the
Department of Transmigration attempts to transmigrate 1000 household
to Maronggela, Uluwae, Nagerawe and Lambo. Each household is
scheduled to receive 9 cattle on its 4.5 ha estates. The first
stage of the project, scheduled for 200 household in Maronggela
Site 1 has been constructed, and should be transfered by the
beneficiaries later this year.
- Aside the cattle production
the administration is also concerned with the development of
other animal husbandry, including the dear farming.
- NORTRADE PTY LTD, an Australian
Company is looking forward to developing a dear farming industry.
To meet its requirement the administration allocate totally 500
ha arable land in Seghonaba, Kinde and Torong Padang.
- Commercial utilisation of
fish resources in Mbay IEDZ and vicinity was first initiated
in Maumere (Sikka District) and Larantuka (East Flores District).
While the utilisation by the traditional fishing community has
been commencing in Ende (Ende District), Bekek (Ngada District)
and Labuan Bajo (Manggarai District) since decades.
- Today, the commercial fishery
operation in Maumere has been closed down and shifted to Larantuka,
while the traditional operation have been developed increasingly.
- The fisheries in Mbay IEDZ
and vicinity are diverse comprising a number of important products
including: grouper snapper, squid, skipjack, lobster, tripang
(sea cucumber), tuna, barramundi, milk fish seeds, and other
coral ornament fishes.
A total number of 30,700 ton sea food, worth approximately US$
45 million was caught in 1996.
Skipjack and tuna fishing continues to dominate the fisheries
industry with landing of 7,300 tons, worth ea=stimated US$ 12
- Red snappers, groupers and
barramundi fishing the second most important species caught,
with total landing of 2,150 tons, worth estimates US$ 10 million.
- The next most important species
were prawn lobster, tripang, shark fin, napoleon and gold band
- Though Mbay IEDZ has quite
promising land suitable for the aqua culture development, the
|| utilisatios far beyond the production capacity.
- The total area of the flat
land from Nggolonio. Waymburung to Nanga Teke is estimated at
1,200 ha provide ranging in size from 1 to 100 ha farmers.
PT. BANGUN SELARAS ALAM initially proposed to develop a salt
production ponds on 700 ha land in 700 ha in Wayburung has due
to the recent devaluation change the target into aqua culture
industry, and is seeking a joint venture partner to handle the
earthworks and construction of the irrigation infrastructure.
In order to provide land based facility, the Administration of
Ngada District allocate 200 ha land for the development of the
fishery harbour and its supporting facilities shipyard fish processing
industrial estate, fishery training centre.
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