- Mbay IEDZ is identical to
Ngada District which lays on Western Flores island located at
120° 45' - 121° 50' East langtitute and 8° - 9°
- The climate in Mbay IEDZ differs
between the highland and lowland region.
- On the highland regencies
of Ngada bawa, Golewa, Bajawa, Boawae and Soa the wet season
start in October and last until May, has a duration of approximately
4 months, have an avegare rain fall of 1,300 - 1,700 mm/year
in 90-100 days/year.
- On the lowland regencies of
Riung and Aesesa, Aimere, Mauponggo and Nangaroro have dry season
of 7 - 9 mount.
- The avegare rain fall in the
Northern lowland regencies Riung and Aesesa range from 450 to
600 mm/year in 60 - 90 days/year, while in the Southern lowland
regencies Mauponggo, Nangaroro, and Aimere, range 1,200-1,950
mm/year in the same amount of raining days.
- The avegare rai fall of Mbay
IEDZ rages 450 - 1,950 mm/year in 60 - 110 days/year.
- The temperature in the highland
regencies range 10° - 30°C , while in the lowland
range 228° - 37°C.
- The average humidity in Mbay
IEDZ is 83%, maximum 92% in lowland regencies and minimun in
highland regencies 76%.
- The average sunshine is 44%,
maximum 60% in August and January 16%.
- The Mbay IEDZ has the smallest
population among Flores's Districts and the lowest population
density, with 212,271 inhabitants and 70 person per square kilometre.
During last 10 years the population increased 2%/year.
- The age profile in 1997 shows
that 35% of the population in Mbay IEDZ is aged 15 years or less,
54% aged 16-54 years and 11 % older than 55 years.
- The infant mortality rate
per thousand dropped from 132 to 72 and the life expectancy at
birth increased from 47.9 years to 59.5 years between 1980 -
1990, which is quite significant compare to the international
- This is a remarkable health
outcome and reflects better education and primary health care
facilities. 74.89% of the
population attending primary school was 74.89 %, completing junior
high school 7.19%, senior high school 7.48% and academic level
- The majority of workforce
82.26% works in primary sector, 6.92% in secondary sector and
10.82% tertiary sectors. (1997)
- The average economic growth
of the Mbay IEDZ between 1993 and 1996 was 7.5%/year.
The Mbay IEDZ and vicinity, includes largely the arable land,
permits cultivation of a range of cash ceops, such as : coffee,
cacau, candle nuts, cashew nuts, coconuts, vanilla, tropical
fruits and bamboo are among the commodities which present good
apportunities for tons.
Coffee is grown on approximately 19,500 ha of smallhorder estates,
with a total annual productionof 10,000 tons.
Cocoa is cultivated on 10,000 ha land with a yearly harvest of
Coconust are planted on 56,300 ha land withh an annual production
of 35,000 tons.
Cashew nust are grown on 18,300 ha small holder estates, with
a production of 6,500 tons per annum.
Candle nuts are grown on 12,000 ha extensive land, with a yearly
harvest of 6,000 tons.
There is ample fodder for livestock in the island's extensive
grasslands, fields and scrub forests. Particularly the District
of Ngada have approximately 20,000 ha of land suitable for development
of mini-ranches for up to 15,000 heads of cattle.
In the forestry sector, bamboo holds a great deal of promise,
particularly in the District of Ngada, extend for approximately
9,000 ha with an annual production capacity of 200,000 tons.
The fisheries sector offers not less promising investment opportunities
for the harvests of grouper, snapper, skipjack, tripang, lobster,
tuna, napoleon and a variety of ornament fishes.
The Flores Sea and Sabu Sea offers a sustainable yield of 96,000
ton. Only less than 30% that has so far been tapped.
Further avenues of tourism investment can be found in all the
Districts: Komodo National Park and Riung Nature Conservation
Park and wildlife sanctuaries in hosting the Komodo-Dragons,
the latter also offers a series of magnificent dive spots in
Riung Marine Park; the Three Colour Lake on Kelimutu Mountain
in Eude; the world famous dive spots in Maumere Bay; and the
traditional wale hunting in Lamalera
Click here to see :
West Nusa Tenggara Map
East Nusa Tenggara Map
(There are 33 High Resolution Maps on here)
West Nusa Tenggara Tourism
East Nusa Tenggara Tourism
(There are complete info about 33 provincies : Object Tourisms, Hotels, Travel agents, etc)